Previously I wrote extensively about the name Jesus. This is a continuation on the thoughts about Jesus’ name but now focusing on Christ.
It’s quite possible that you see the name Jesus Christ and you think those two names together as Jesus’ first and last names. Well, that would be incorrect because the people of that day didn’t use last names like we do today. Jesus would have been identified as Jesus, the son of Joseph, or more technically “Jesus bar Joseph” as “bar” means “son of.” (You’ll see “bar” in several names in the Bible. Barnabas means “son of encouragement.” The murdered who was released to the people instead of Jesus on the Passover was Barabbas which very ironically means “son of the father.”)
So, if not a last name, where does Christ fit with the name Jesus? Quite simply, Christ is a title. It is no different in usage than how you would refer to someone as Dr. or sir. Given the meaning of this title, it might be more technically correct to say Jesus the Christ. Or one might argue that the word “the” is implied in the meaning of Christ and therefore unnecessary.
So, getting to the point, what does Christ mean? It means “anointed one” or “the anointed one.” This doesn’t sound like too big of a deal unless you realize that the term Messiah also means anointed one. When people referred to Jesus as Christ, they were recognizing Him as the Messiah.
In Peter’s confession of the Christ, Jesus asked the question “who do you say I am?” Peter answered by saying “you are the Christ, the Son of the living God.” Peter did not respond just by repeating back a title that he had heard. Instead, he was recognizing that Jesus was the Messiah that had been prophesied about and whom the Jews were waiting for for hundreds of years.
Some translations of the Bible are now choosing to translate Christ as Messiah in certain situations. This is neither good nor bad in my view. In some cases it makes it clear that the title is understood as the Messiah. However, if you were familiar with Christ in the particular passage, it could lead to confusion if you don’t understand why the change occurred. They mean the same.
The final question concerning Christ is whether we should use it alone, in place of Jesus, or only in combination – Jesus Christ. To me, it makes no difference. I use Jesus or Christ or Jesus Christ interchangeably in my writing and speaking. The same person is recognized no matter how it is said.
In the New Testament you’ll also find Jesus, Christ, and Jesus Christ used interchangeably. I haven’t studied closely enough but there may be a pattern to the usage by each author. Paul might use Jesus more often in certain instances and Christ more often depending on the context. I simply can’t say without more research. But I can say that all three are used independently of themselves and therefore I have no problem using any of them myself.
So refer to Jesus as you like. Just remember that Christ is not His last name. Instead it is a title that is an acknowledgement of Him being the Messiah.